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Inclusive WASH

Building skills towards inclusive water, sanitation
and hygiene

Factors causing marginalisation Factors causing marginalisation (183 KB)

This diagram shows how some groups are pushed towards the margins of society and they are more likely to be excluded from WASH. This is also affected by external factors – such as politics and culture. What other causes of marginalisation would you add?

Layers of discrimination Layers of discrimination (1187 KB)

Rosie Wheen from WaterAid Australia discusses the different layers of discrimination that occur. What barriers can you think of?

A Snapshot of Sanitation in South Asia with a focus on inequities A Snapshot of Sanitation in South Asia with a focus on inequities (549 KB)

WHO/UNICEF (2011) A regional perspective based on data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. Prepared for the 4th South Asia Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN-4) 4-7 April 2011 Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Access to WASH for PLWHA: A cross-sectional study in Nepal Access to WASH for PLWHA: A cross-sectional study in Nepal (365 KB)

WaterAid in Nepal (2010). The main objective of the study was to increase the understanding of people living with HIV/AIDS' (PLHA) access to WASH and its impact on their daily lives in order to inform the health, HIV/AIDS and WASH sectors of the various issues involved.

Access to water and sanitation for PLWHA: An exploratory study (Tanzania) Access to water and sanitation for PLWHA: An exploratory study (Tanzania) (409 KB)

Diana Nkongo and Christian Chonya, WaterAid in Tanzania and Amref in Tanzania (2009)

Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health (912 KB)

Alison Barrett, WaterAid (2011) This report documents the approaches and processes of Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health (ASEH). The largest programme ever undertaken by WaterAid. The programme was designed to work in the socially, technically and geographically hardest to reach areas of Bangladesh.

AusAID WASH strategy AusAID WASH strategy (1221 KB)

Improving public health by increasing access to safe water and sanitation is one of the ten development objectives of the Australian aid program. AusAID's WASH strategy, released in November 2011, explicitly incorporates principles of accessibility to ensure that women, girls and other vulnerable groups such as the elderly and people living with disabilities are adequately served through AusAID's water, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities.

Burden of Inheritance Report: Can we stop manual scavenging? Burden of Inheritance Report: Can we stop manual scavenging? (1164 KB)

WaterAid (2009) This report outlines how over one million people in the country continue to scrape an existence through manual scavenging, forced largely by social convention and caste prejudice, and calls for strong action to eradicate this practice. A violation of human rights, this discriminatory and demeaning practice was outlawed by the Indian Parliament in 1993 but still continues today.

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Diarrheal Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India Diarrheal Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India (75 KB)

Becker, M. L., Cohen, C. R., Cheang, M., Washington, R. G., Blanchard, J. F. and Moses, S (2007) The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Drinking Water: Equity, sustainability, safety (JMP) Drinking Water: Equity, sustainability, safety (JMP) (12072 KB)

UNICEF (2011) The report analyses JMP and MICS data to focus on the three key challenges of equity, safety and sustainability. Disparities in terms of geography, wealth and gender are explored, which highlight the need to target water service delivery towards specific populations. Water safety concerns are highlighted and the scope of household water treatment is investigated. populations. Water safety concerns are highlighted and the scope of household water treatment is investigated.

Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea (482 KB)

Authors: Val Curtis and Sandy Cairncross. We set out to determine the impact of washing hands with soap on the risk of diarrhoeal diseases in the community with a systematic review with random effects metaanalysis.

Elder abuse awareness community guide tool kit Elder abuse awareness community guide tool kit (2655 KB)

International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA) (2011) This resource was created to help individuals, organisations and communities throughout the world plan for World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD). WEAAD is held annually on June 15th. This Toolkit is also useful to plan for further awareness-raising activities, and also supports ongoing projects and events.

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Equal access for all? Meeting the needs for watsan of PLWHA (Ethiopia) Equal access for all? Meeting the needs for watsan of PLWHA (Ethiopia) (146 KB)

Priscilla Magrath, WaterAid in Ethiopia (2006)

Equity and Inclusion Assessment in Madagascar (French) Equity and Inclusion Assessment in Madagascar (French) (1826 KB)

WaterAid in Madagascar (2010)

Equity and inclusion in sanitation and hygiene in South Asia: A regional synthesis Equity and inclusion in sanitation and hygiene in South Asia: A regional synthesis (963 KB)

UNICEF and WaterAid (2011) Lots of case studies from South Asia across range of groups (caste, children, ethnic minorities, disability etc.) Lots of resources in bibliography.

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 1 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 1 (537 KB)

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 1 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 1 (10455 KB)

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 2 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 2 (10455 KB)

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 4 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 4 (3049 KB)

Equity in School WASH - Overcoming Exclusion and Discrimination in South Asia. Nepal Equity in School WASH - Overcoming Exclusion and Discrimination in South Asia. Nepal (310 KB)

UNICEF (2009) This is a series of five publications is the outcome of a South Asia regional study into Equity in School Water and Sanitation. The study examines the issues of exclusion and discrimination in schools in South Asia and to consider the potential for schools being able to act as agents of change in combating this exclusion and discrimination. The country studies for Bangladesh, Bhutan and India and can be found in the respective country section.

Exclusion study on WASH delivery in Malawi Exclusion study on WASH delivery in Malawi (598 KB)

WaterAid (2008) In its quest to ensure that the vulnerable are not excluded from their work, WaterAid Malawi has commissioned this study to investigate reasons for exclusion and how marginalised groups can be included. The study was conducted in all five districts in which WaterAid in Malawi currently supports projects – Mzimba, Nkhotakota, Salima, Machinga and Lilongwe.

For Her It's the Big Issue For Her It's the Big Issue (3029 KB)

The vital role of women in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions is undeniable. But even though women’s involvement in the planning, design, management and implementation of such projects and programmes has proved to be fruitful and cost-effective, the substantial benefits of this approach are not properly recognised. One result is that, all too often, women are not as centrally engaged in water and sanitation efforts as they should be.

Gender analysis frameworks Gender analysis frameworks (215 KB)

Includes references for a number of different gender analysis frameworks that might be useful in your work

Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for women on climate change Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for women on climate change (17026 KB)

This toolkit on Gender and Climate Change is part of an important endeavour by Isis International to explore innovative and strategic ways to communicate gender justice and climate justice issues, especially from Southern feminist perspectives.

Gender and Essential Services in low-income countries Gender and Essential Services in low-income countries (17250 KB)

(Women in Cities International, 2011) Report on the findings of the action research project Women’s Rights and Access to Water and Sanitation in Asian Cities. Carried out in Delhi, India from 1 February 2009 to 31 July 2011.

Gender equality: Policy and Tools Gender equality: Policy and Tools (949 KB)

Gender Guidelines: water supply and sanitation (AusAID) Gender Guidelines: water supply and sanitation (AusAID) (208 KB)

Gender, Culture and the Pacific Gender, Culture and the Pacific (562 KB)

Yvonne Underhill-Sem (2011) Asia- Pacific Human Development Report Background Paper Series. This paper provides a deeper understanding of how culture in the Pacific impacts gender equality and human development. The analysis addresses two views that are widely held in the Pacific: 1) that gender is biologically determined, and 2) that culture is a sacred template should not be meddled with. Both these notions have attracted sound scholarly consideration in the Pacific, which has shown that rath

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

Guidelines on infant feeding and HIV Guidelines on infant feeding and HIV (1615 KB)

WHO (2010) Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence.

Hand Hygiene and Behaviour Change Hand Hygiene and Behaviour Change (48 KB)

Trunnel & White 2005

Health and Safety Guidelines for Brothels Health and Safety Guidelines for Brothels (499 KB)

(2001, WorkCover NSW) These guidelines provide brothel proprietors with minimum standards for maintenance of a safe and healthy environment for sex workers, other employees, clients and visitors, and details of legislative requirements as set out in the Public Health Act 1991.

Helping the hard to reach fishing communities in Uganda Helping the hard to reach fishing communities in Uganda (0 KB)

Available at: http://www.wateraid.org/international/about_us/newsroom/9898.asp (2011, WaterAid in Uganda)

HIV and WASH: Opportunities for Integration HIV and WASH: Opportunities for Integration (539 KB)

HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action (507 KB)

Parker, R., Aggleton, P., Attawell, K., Pulerwitz, J. and Brown, L. (2002) The purpose of this paper is to propose a new conceptual framework to help inform thinking about the processes of stigma and discrimination about the way these processes relate to HIV/AIDS, and about potential interventions to address stigma and discrimination and minimise their impact.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

How to integrate WASH into HIV programming How to integrate WASH into HIV programming (1555 KB)

WHO (2010) This document provides guidance to practitioners to facilitate the integrate of WASH into official HIV guidelines and standards and programming under ministries of health and national AIDS commissions.

Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: Does government promotion match Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: Does government promotion match (248 KB)

Rheinlander, T. et al (2010). Academic paper on hygiene promotion and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam.

Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water Forgotten Foundations Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water Forgotten Foundations (382 KB)

Authors: Jamie Bartram (Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, US) Sandy Cairncross (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK) This is the introductory article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation. Globally, around 2.4 million deaths (4.2% of all deaths) could be prevented annually if everyone practised appropriate hygiene and had good, reliable sanitation and drinking water.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Inclusive design of school latrines – how much does it cost and who benefits? Inclusive design of school latrines – how much does it cost and who benefits? (1934 KB)

Inclusive WASH barrier and solution tools Inclusive WASH barrier and solution tools (253 KB)

We will be using two tools to analyse the barriers preventing people from accessing WASH. This framework is based on the social model which is well known in the disability sector. The social model of disability recognises that disabled people are an integral part of society. Rather than concentrating on the impairment, it recognises that barriers to full participation are three fold: environmental, social/attitudinal and institutional. We can use the social model to identify barriers that exclud

Inclusive WASH introductory notes Inclusive WASH introductory notes (563 KB)

These notes give you some background on the framework being used and some case studies that may help you understand the complex issues of inclusive WASH.

Inclusive WASH Promotional Flyer Inclusive WASH Promotional Flyer (665 KB)

A double sided A4 Promotional Flyer summarising the Inclusive WASH project and the sessions on offer.

Inclusive WASH Session 1: Introduction (PPT) Inclusive WASH Session 1: Introduction (PPT) (6198 KB)

Inclusive WASH Session 2: Gender (PPT) Inclusive WASH Session 2: Gender (PPT) (10262 KB)

Inclusive WASH_Case studies_x16 Inclusive WASH_Case studies_x16 (7080 KB)

Integrating Sanitation into the Basic Care Package Integrating Sanitation into the Basic Care Package (6157 KB)

Produced for USAID (2011) The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has developed a preventive care package that summarizes evidence-based interventions for PLHIV and their families in resource-poor settings. The package identifies three key hygiene improvement practices—safe drinking water, washing hands with soap, and safe handling and disposal of feces—and suggests integrating these into all HIV and AIDS programs.

Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps (154 KB)

JMP: Drinking water - equity, sustainability and safety (9032KB) JMP: Drinking water - equity, sustainability and safety (9032KB) (9032 KB)

The primary purpose of the report is to investigate access to and use of drinking water in greater detail than is possible in the regular WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) MDG progress reports. The report includes multiple disaggregation of water service levels and analyses of trends across countries and regions. These illustrate in detail how people access drinking water and what changes have occurred since 1990. The report focuses on the three key challenges of equity, safety and susta

Mainstreaming gender in water management Mainstreaming gender in water management (1153 KB)

Menstrual hygiene in South Asia Menstrual hygiene in South Asia (423 KB)

Authors: Thérèse Mahon and Maria Fernandes. In order for women and girls to live healthy, productive and dignified lives, it is essential that they are able to manage menstrual bleeding effectively. This requires access to appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene services.

Menstrual Hygiene Management Menstrual Hygiene Management (397 KB)

Carrard, N (2011) A snapshot of lessons from learning events on menstrual hygiene management (part of AusAID's Learning Fund). During the learning events, participants talked about their efforts to break the silence, working with women and girls to ensure menstrual hygiene management needs are addressed through WASH programs.

MetGuide – Methodology for Participatory Assessments with Communities, Institutions and Policy Maker MetGuide – Methodology for Participatory Assessments with Communities, Institutions and Policy Maker (934 KB)

A guide prepared by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre that offers practical tools for bringing gender and poverty-sensitive participation into WASH programs. The MetGuide is useful for communities, project staff, project managers, program designers, donors, researchers and policy makers.

Navigating gender and culture: NGO consultations Navigating gender and culture: NGO consultations (164 KB)

Navigating gender and culture: Selected definitions, concepts, quotes and resources Navigating gender and culture: Selected definitions, concepts, quotes and resources (116 KB)

NEWAH’s Gender and Poverty Approach in WASH Projects in Nepal NEWAH’s Gender and Poverty Approach in WASH Projects in Nepal (0 KB)

(2010, Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH)) Since 1999 NEWAH has been mainstreaming a Gender and Poverty (GAP) approach at the programme and institutional level. The approach recognises that without agency intervention women and the poorest are automatically excluded from project benefits. The GAP approach aims to ensure that equitable access to benefits is achieved through improved water supply and sanitation services by including women and poor men, which leads to more just and sustainable outcomes

Out of sight and out of mind? Are marginalised communities being overlooked in decision making? Out of sight and out of mind? Are marginalised communities being overlooked in decision making? (1720 KB)

WaterAid and Tanzania Water and Sanitation Network (2009) This second annual Water Sector Equity Report aims to ensure that the profile of equity issues in the sector remains high. The overall objective of this report is to raise awareness of and promote debate on the equity orientation of the water and sanitation sector in Tanzania.

Principles for working effectively with women and men - a short handout Principles for working effectively with women and men - a short handout (160 KB)

Programming guidance for integrating WASH improvement into HIV/AIDS programs to reduce Diarrhea morb Programming guidance for integrating WASH improvement into HIV/AIDS programs to reduce Diarrhea morb (287 KB)

(USAID/HIP) The purpose of this paper is to highlight discrete water, sanitation, and hygiene improvement activities that can be incorporated into HIV/AIDS programs in different settings to help mitigate the impact of diarrhea on PLWHA and their families—prolonging and improving the quality of life for PLWHA and protecting family members and caregivers from the debilitating effects of diarrhea on school attendance, livelihood, and caregiving.

Raising Visibility and Voices of the Urban Poor Civil Society’s Engagement in urban WASH Raising Visibility and Voices of the Urban Poor Civil Society’s Engagement in urban WASH (113 KB)

WaterAid (2010) This paper shares some notable successes that WaterAid and its partner organisations have achieved in collaborating with service providers and governments to improve inclusive service delivery in Africa and South Asia. The examples show how strategic and operational collaboration between civil society organisations, regulators, policy makers and service providers help to improve pro-poor performance of utilities.

Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights (2522 KB)

Reaching the urban poor: Supporting utilities to engage communities in service extension Reaching the urban poor: Supporting utilities to engage communities in service extension (4589 KB)

Timeyin Uwejamomere , (WaterAid, 2012) from WBI Course on Designing & Implementing Successful Utility Reform in Water & Sanitation Thursday, 26 January, 2012 at Reiz Continental Hotel, Abuja.

Rights of Water Connections for Slum Dwellers in Bangladesh (Case study) Rights of Water Connections for Slum Dwellers in Bangladesh (Case study) (204 KB)

WaterAid Bangladesh (2007) A study on DSK’s experience on three slums of Mirpur, Dhaka.

Sanitation and water for poor urban communities: a manifesto Sanitation and water for poor urban communities: a manifesto (2473 KB)

WaterAid (2011) Water and sanitation services are fundamental to human health and development, nowhere more so than in densely populated urban areas. With no indication that the pace of urbanisation, and subsequently the growth in poor urban areas, will slow, the international community must act collaboratively to ensure these basic human rights are afforded to poor urban communities – and it must act now. Here, WaterAid sets out the examples and objectives for successful delivery of sanitation

School menstrual hygiene management in Malawi: more than toilets School menstrual hygiene management in Malawi: more than toilets (32173 KB)

The ability to manage menstruation at school requires much more than just installing toilets. In this briefing note on the SHARE website, WASH Consultant Sally Piper Pillitteri, answers a call from WaterAid for “evidence from the field”. She provides data on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) for schoolgirls in Malawi, with a view to determining one or several recommendations for improved MHM in schools. This material is also of value to WASH professionals, policy makers, NGOs and education auth

Session 2 webinar overview Session 2 webinar overview (3519 KB)

Session 3 summary (2 pages) Session 3 summary (2 pages) (128 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Session 4 summary (3 pages) Session 4 summary (3 pages) (284 KB)

Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH (Lucina Schmich) Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH (Lucina Schmich) (6311 KB)

Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH 2 (Julia Rosenbaum) Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH 2 (Julia Rosenbaum) (5572 KB)

Session 5: Poorest of the Poor (Louisa Gosling) Session 5: Poorest of the Poor (Louisa Gosling) (150 KB)

Sidestream or Mainstream leaflet Sidestream or Mainstream leaflet (330 KB)

Introducing the gender and water alliance. A brief summary of arguments for gender inclusive WASH.

Stigma and the realization of the human rights to water and sanitation Stigma and the realization of the human rights to water and sanitation (207 KB)

Speech by Catarina de Albuquerque, Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation. Delivered at a public consultation on 1 Feb 2012.

Subsidy or self-respect? Community led total sanitation Subsidy or self-respect? Community led total sanitation (4708 KB)

Authors: Kamal Kar and Katherine Pasteur. Community Led Total Sanitation, or CLTS, is an approach which facilitates a process of empowering local communities to stop open defecation and to build and use latrines without the support of any external hardware subsidy.

Summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS Summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS (131 KB)

A summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS including links to publications looking at work in India, Madagascar, Nepal, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Swimming upstream: Why WASH is so important to mothers and their daughters Swimming upstream: Why WASH is so important to mothers and their daughters (400 KB)

Brief introduction to the significance of WASH to women and girls.

The Greater InvoIvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA) The Greater InvoIvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA) (228 KB)

(2007, UNAIDS) GIPA is a principle that aims to realize the rights and responsibilities of people living with HIV, including their right to self-determination and participation in decision-making processes that affect their lives. In these efforts, GIPA also aims to enhance the quality and effectiveness of the AIDS response.

Towards Inclusive WASH_Publication Towards Inclusive WASH_Publication (7288 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

UNAIDS terminology guidelines UNAIDS terminology guidelines (253 KB)

Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action (8669 KB)

(2003, International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), Ross Kidd, Sue Clay)This toolkit was written by AIDS activists from over 50 NGOs in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia. They participated in workshops where they explored the implications of stigma and designed the exercises on different aspects of stigma.The Toolkit is a resource collection of participatory educational exercises for use in raising awareness and promoting action to challenge HIV stigma. Trainers can select from the exercises t

Understanding gender equality in organisations: A tool for assessment and action Understanding gender equality in organisations: A tool for assessment and action (104 KB)

Understanding pastoralists and their WASH needs Understanding pastoralists and their WASH needs (410 KB)

WaterAid (2011) This policy brief summarises the findings from a literature review and research carried out by WaterAid in the districts of Longido and Hanang Districts in Northern Tanzania. Pastoralists are nomadic people who either move around throughout the year with their families and herds in search for water and pasture, or may be sedentary where they are more or less settled in one defined area. This policy brief recognises the rationale of pastoral livelihood systems, and calls for furt

WASH and HIV/AIDS: WSCC reference note WASH and HIV/AIDS: WSCC reference note (317 KB)

This Note highlights the links between WASH (water supply, sanitation and hygiene) and HIV/AIDS. It also identifies implications for practitioners in both fields and presents brief case studies with suggestions for further reading. (WSCC, 2009)

WASH Considerations in Home-Based care for people living with HIV WASH Considerations in Home-Based care for people living with HIV (394 KB)

(2010 Catholic Relief Services) This guidance document offers water supply and sanitation facility and hygiene promotion design considerations and recommendations intended to increase access to these facilities by people living with HIV. People living with HIV often require modifications to their water supply and sanitation facilities and hygiene practices due to their debilitating illness. This guidance document is intended for Home-Based Care (HBC) practitioners serving people living with this

Water and Sanitation are Human Rights - So What? Water and Sanitation are Human Rights - So What? (5623 KB)

Implications and actions needed to put the rights into practice, Results from the 27th AGUASAN workshop 20th to 24th June 2011, Gwatt, Switzerland

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and other Vulnerable Groups Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and other Vulnerable Groups (175 KB)

Water Supply and Sanitation Access and Use by Physically Disabled People in Cambodia WDEC 2003 Water Supply and Sanitation Access and Use by Physically Disabled People in Cambodia WDEC 2003 (5014 KB)

Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (686 KB)

Authors: Sandy Cairncross and Vivian Valdmanis. Water supply in the context of this chapter includes the supply of water for domestic purposes, excluding provision for irrigation or livestock. Sanitation is used here in the narrow sense of excreta disposal, excluding other environmental health interventions such as solid waste management and surface water drainage.

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

Water: More for some or some for more? Monitoring equity in water and sanitation Water: More for some or some for more? Monitoring equity in water and sanitation (780 KB)

WaterAid and Tanzania Water and Sanitation Network (2008) The document is looking at urban-rural equity, inter-town equity, inter-district equity, inter-ward equity, social equity in decision making and social equity in outcomes.

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Why gender matters in WASH? Why gender matters in WASH? (354 KB)

A brief introduction to basic gender concepts and why gender matters in WASH.

Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (3586 KB)

Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality (253 KB)

Working effectiveley with women and men in water and sanitation programs Working effectiveley with women and men in water and sanitation programs (1946 KB)

Working Paper on Gender in Water and Sanitation Working Paper on Gender in Water and Sanitation (3495 KB)

A Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) Working Paper published in 2010. For use by ministries, donors, citizens, development banks, NGOs and service providers. The paper looks at links between gender and WASH at the policy level, operational level, monitoring and evaluation, citizen engagement, behaviour change and HIV/AIDS. It showcases examples of good practice and provides checklists for practitioners.

World Development Report 2012 (Summary) World Development Report 2012 (Summary) (3636 KB)

The World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) 2012 is on 'Gender Equality and Development.' Central to the conclusions in WDR 2012 is WASH. The report's authors underlines three dangerous phases in a woman's life, girls at birth, birth to five years old and women of reproductive age and stresses the role of WASH at these times. This report has nine chapters in three parts. The full report and a rich set of data is available in all the UN languages at www.worldbank.org/wdr2012

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Factors causing marginalisation Factors causing marginalisation (183 KB)

This diagram shows how some groups are pushed towards the margins of society and they are more likely to be excluded from WASH. This is also affected by external factors – such as politics and culture. What other causes of marginalisation would you add?

Layers of discrimination Layers of discrimination (1187 KB)

Rosie Wheen from WaterAid Australia discusses the different layers of discrimination that occur. What barriers can you think of?

A Snapshot of Sanitation in South Asia with a focus on inequities A Snapshot of Sanitation in South Asia with a focus on inequities (549 KB)

WHO/UNICEF (2011) A regional perspective based on data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. Prepared for the 4th South Asia Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN-4) 4-7 April 2011 Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Access to WASH for PLWHA: A cross-sectional study in Nepal Access to WASH for PLWHA: A cross-sectional study in Nepal (365 KB)

WaterAid in Nepal (2010). The main objective of the study was to increase the understanding of people living with HIV/AIDS' (PLHA) access to WASH and its impact on their daily lives in order to inform the health, HIV/AIDS and WASH sectors of the various issues involved.

Access to water and sanitation for PLWHA: An exploratory study (Tanzania) Access to water and sanitation for PLWHA: An exploratory study (Tanzania) (409 KB)

Diana Nkongo and Christian Chonya, WaterAid in Tanzania and Amref in Tanzania (2009)

Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health (912 KB)

Alison Barrett, WaterAid (2011) This report documents the approaches and processes of Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health (ASEH). The largest programme ever undertaken by WaterAid. The programme was designed to work in the socially, technically and geographically hardest to reach areas of Bangladesh.

AusAID WASH strategy AusAID WASH strategy (1221 KB)

Improving public health by increasing access to safe water and sanitation is one of the ten development objectives of the Australian aid program. AusAID's WASH strategy, released in November 2011, explicitly incorporates principles of accessibility to ensure that women, girls and other vulnerable groups such as the elderly and people living with disabilities are adequately served through AusAID's water, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities.

Burden of Inheritance Report: Can we stop manual scavenging? Burden of Inheritance Report: Can we stop manual scavenging? (1164 KB)

WaterAid (2009) This report outlines how over one million people in the country continue to scrape an existence through manual scavenging, forced largely by social convention and caste prejudice, and calls for strong action to eradicate this practice. A violation of human rights, this discriminatory and demeaning practice was outlawed by the Indian Parliament in 1993 but still continues today.

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Diarrheal Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India Diarrheal Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India (75 KB)

Becker, M. L., Cohen, C. R., Cheang, M., Washington, R. G., Blanchard, J. F. and Moses, S (2007) The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Drinking Water: Equity, sustainability, safety (JMP) Drinking Water: Equity, sustainability, safety (JMP) (12072 KB)

UNICEF (2011) The report analyses JMP and MICS data to focus on the three key challenges of equity, safety and sustainability. Disparities in terms of geography, wealth and gender are explored, which highlight the need to target water service delivery towards specific populations. Water safety concerns are highlighted and the scope of household water treatment is investigated. populations. Water safety concerns are highlighted and the scope of household water treatment is investigated.

Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea (482 KB)

Authors: Val Curtis and Sandy Cairncross. We set out to determine the impact of washing hands with soap on the risk of diarrhoeal diseases in the community with a systematic review with random effects metaanalysis.

Elder abuse awareness community guide tool kit Elder abuse awareness community guide tool kit (2655 KB)

International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA) (2011) This resource was created to help individuals, organisations and communities throughout the world plan for World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD). WEAAD is held annually on June 15th. This Toolkit is also useful to plan for further awareness-raising activities, and also supports ongoing projects and events.

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Equal access for all? Meeting the needs for watsan of PLWHA (Ethiopia) Equal access for all? Meeting the needs for watsan of PLWHA (Ethiopia) (146 KB)

Priscilla Magrath, WaterAid in Ethiopia (2006)

Equity and Inclusion Assessment in Madagascar (French) Equity and Inclusion Assessment in Madagascar (French) (1826 KB)

WaterAid in Madagascar (2010)

Equity and inclusion in sanitation and hygiene in South Asia: A regional synthesis Equity and inclusion in sanitation and hygiene in South Asia: A regional synthesis (963 KB)

UNICEF and WaterAid (2011) Lots of case studies from South Asia across range of groups (caste, children, ethnic minorities, disability etc.) Lots of resources in bibliography.

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 1 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 1 (537 KB)

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 1 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 1 (10455 KB)

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 2 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 2 (10455 KB)

Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 4 Equity and Inclusion Toolkit Part 2 Section 4 (3049 KB)

Equity in School WASH - Overcoming Exclusion and Discrimination in South Asia. Nepal Equity in School WASH - Overcoming Exclusion and Discrimination in South Asia. Nepal (310 KB)

UNICEF (2009) This is a series of five publications is the outcome of a South Asia regional study into Equity in School Water and Sanitation. The study examines the issues of exclusion and discrimination in schools in South Asia and to consider the potential for schools being able to act as agents of change in combating this exclusion and discrimination. The country studies for Bangladesh, Bhutan and India and can be found in the respective country section.

Exclusion study on WASH delivery in Malawi Exclusion study on WASH delivery in Malawi (598 KB)

WaterAid (2008) In its quest to ensure that the vulnerable are not excluded from their work, WaterAid Malawi has commissioned this study to investigate reasons for exclusion and how marginalised groups can be included. The study was conducted in all five districts in which WaterAid in Malawi currently supports projects – Mzimba, Nkhotakota, Salima, Machinga and Lilongwe.

For Her It's the Big Issue For Her It's the Big Issue (3029 KB)

The vital role of women in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions is undeniable. But even though women’s involvement in the planning, design, management and implementation of such projects and programmes has proved to be fruitful and cost-effective, the substantial benefits of this approach are not properly recognised. One result is that, all too often, women are not as centrally engaged in water and sanitation efforts as they should be.

Gender analysis frameworks Gender analysis frameworks (215 KB)

Includes references for a number of different gender analysis frameworks that might be useful in your work

Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for women on climate change Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for women on climate change (17026 KB)

This toolkit on Gender and Climate Change is part of an important endeavour by Isis International to explore innovative and strategic ways to communicate gender justice and climate justice issues, especially from Southern feminist perspectives.

Gender and Essential Services in low-income countries Gender and Essential Services in low-income countries (17250 KB)

(Women in Cities International, 2011) Report on the findings of the action research project Women’s Rights and Access to Water and Sanitation in Asian Cities. Carried out in Delhi, India from 1 February 2009 to 31 July 2011.

Gender equality: Policy and Tools Gender equality: Policy and Tools (949 KB)

Gender Guidelines: water supply and sanitation (AusAID) Gender Guidelines: water supply and sanitation (AusAID) (208 KB)

Gender, Culture and the Pacific Gender, Culture and the Pacific (562 KB)

Yvonne Underhill-Sem (2011) Asia- Pacific Human Development Report Background Paper Series. This paper provides a deeper understanding of how culture in the Pacific impacts gender equality and human development. The analysis addresses two views that are widely held in the Pacific: 1) that gender is biologically determined, and 2) that culture is a sacred template should not be meddled with. Both these notions have attracted sound scholarly consideration in the Pacific, which has shown that rath

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

Guidelines on infant feeding and HIV Guidelines on infant feeding and HIV (1615 KB)

WHO (2010) Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence.

Hand Hygiene and Behaviour Change Hand Hygiene and Behaviour Change (48 KB)

Trunnel & White 2005

Health and Safety Guidelines for Brothels Health and Safety Guidelines for Brothels (499 KB)

(2001, WorkCover NSW) These guidelines provide brothel proprietors with minimum standards for maintenance of a safe and healthy environment for sex workers, other employees, clients and visitors, and details of legislative requirements as set out in the Public Health Act 1991.

Helping the hard to reach fishing communities in Uganda Helping the hard to reach fishing communities in Uganda (0 KB)

Available at: http://www.wateraid.org/international/about_us/newsroom/9898.asp (2011, WaterAid in Uganda)

HIV and WASH: Opportunities for Integration HIV and WASH: Opportunities for Integration (539 KB)

HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action (507 KB)

Parker, R., Aggleton, P., Attawell, K., Pulerwitz, J. and Brown, L. (2002) The purpose of this paper is to propose a new conceptual framework to help inform thinking about the processes of stigma and discrimination about the way these processes relate to HIV/AIDS, and about potential interventions to address stigma and discrimination and minimise their impact.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

How to integrate WASH into HIV programming How to integrate WASH into HIV programming (1555 KB)

WHO (2010) This document provides guidance to practitioners to facilitate the integrate of WASH into official HIV guidelines and standards and programming under ministries of health and national AIDS commissions.

Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: Does government promotion match Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: Does government promotion match (248 KB)

Rheinlander, T. et al (2010). Academic paper on hygiene promotion and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam.

Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water Forgotten Foundations Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water Forgotten Foundations (382 KB)

Authors: Jamie Bartram (Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, US) Sandy Cairncross (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK) This is the introductory article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation. Globally, around 2.4 million deaths (4.2% of all deaths) could be prevented annually if everyone practised appropriate hygiene and had good, reliable sanitation and drinking water.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Inclusive design of school latrines – how much does it cost and who benefits? Inclusive design of school latrines – how much does it cost and who benefits? (1934 KB)

Inclusive WASH barrier and solution tools Inclusive WASH barrier and solution tools (253 KB)

We will be using two tools to analyse the barriers preventing people from accessing WASH. This framework is based on the social model which is well known in the disability sector. The social model of disability recognises that disabled people are an integral part of society. Rather than concentrating on the impairment, it recognises that barriers to full participation are three fold: environmental, social/attitudinal and institutional. We can use the social model to identify barriers that exclud

Inclusive WASH introductory notes Inclusive WASH introductory notes (563 KB)

These notes give you some background on the framework being used and some case studies that may help you understand the complex issues of inclusive WASH.

Inclusive WASH Promotional Flyer Inclusive WASH Promotional Flyer (665 KB)

A double sided A4 Promotional Flyer summarising the Inclusive WASH project and the sessions on offer.

Inclusive WASH Session 1: Introduction (PPT) Inclusive WASH Session 1: Introduction (PPT) (6198 KB)

Inclusive WASH Session 2: Gender (PPT) Inclusive WASH Session 2: Gender (PPT) (10262 KB)

Inclusive WASH_Case studies_x16 Inclusive WASH_Case studies_x16 (7080 KB)

Integrating Sanitation into the Basic Care Package Integrating Sanitation into the Basic Care Package (6157 KB)

Produced for USAID (2011) The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has developed a preventive care package that summarizes evidence-based interventions for PLHIV and their families in resource-poor settings. The package identifies three key hygiene improvement practices—safe drinking water, washing hands with soap, and safe handling and disposal of feces—and suggests integrating these into all HIV and AIDS programs.

Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps (154 KB)

JMP: Drinking water - equity, sustainability and safety (9032KB) JMP: Drinking water - equity, sustainability and safety (9032KB) (9032 KB)

The primary purpose of the report is to investigate access to and use of drinking water in greater detail than is possible in the regular WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) MDG progress reports. The report includes multiple disaggregation of water service levels and analyses of trends across countries and regions. These illustrate in detail how people access drinking water and what changes have occurred since 1990. The report focuses on the three key challenges of equity, safety and susta

Mainstreaming gender in water management Mainstreaming gender in water management (1153 KB)

Menstrual hygiene in South Asia Menstrual hygiene in South Asia (423 KB)

Authors: Thérèse Mahon and Maria Fernandes. In order for women and girls to live healthy, productive and dignified lives, it is essential that they are able to manage menstrual bleeding effectively. This requires access to appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene services.

Menstrual Hygiene Management Menstrual Hygiene Management (397 KB)

Carrard, N (2011) A snapshot of lessons from learning events on menstrual hygiene management (part of AusAID's Learning Fund). During the learning events, participants talked about their efforts to break the silence, working with women and girls to ensure menstrual hygiene management needs are addressed through WASH programs.

MetGuide – Methodology for Participatory Assessments with Communities, Institutions and Policy Maker MetGuide – Methodology for Participatory Assessments with Communities, Institutions and Policy Maker (934 KB)

A guide prepared by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre that offers practical tools for bringing gender and poverty-sensitive participation into WASH programs. The MetGuide is useful for communities, project staff, project managers, program designers, donors, researchers and policy makers.

Navigating gender and culture: NGO consultations Navigating gender and culture: NGO consultations (164 KB)

Navigating gender and culture: Selected definitions, concepts, quotes and resources Navigating gender and culture: Selected definitions, concepts, quotes and resources (116 KB)

NEWAH’s Gender and Poverty Approach in WASH Projects in Nepal NEWAH’s Gender and Poverty Approach in WASH Projects in Nepal (0 KB)

(2010, Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH)) Since 1999 NEWAH has been mainstreaming a Gender and Poverty (GAP) approach at the programme and institutional level. The approach recognises that without agency intervention women and the poorest are automatically excluded from project benefits. The GAP approach aims to ensure that equitable access to benefits is achieved through improved water supply and sanitation services by including women and poor men, which leads to more just and sustainable outcomes

Out of sight and out of mind? Are marginalised communities being overlooked in decision making? Out of sight and out of mind? Are marginalised communities being overlooked in decision making? (1720 KB)

WaterAid and Tanzania Water and Sanitation Network (2009) This second annual Water Sector Equity Report aims to ensure that the profile of equity issues in the sector remains high. The overall objective of this report is to raise awareness of and promote debate on the equity orientation of the water and sanitation sector in Tanzania.

Principles for working effectively with women and men - a short handout Principles for working effectively with women and men - a short handout (160 KB)

Programming guidance for integrating WASH improvement into HIV/AIDS programs to reduce Diarrhea morb Programming guidance for integrating WASH improvement into HIV/AIDS programs to reduce Diarrhea morb (287 KB)

(USAID/HIP) The purpose of this paper is to highlight discrete water, sanitation, and hygiene improvement activities that can be incorporated into HIV/AIDS programs in different settings to help mitigate the impact of diarrhea on PLWHA and their families—prolonging and improving the quality of life for PLWHA and protecting family members and caregivers from the debilitating effects of diarrhea on school attendance, livelihood, and caregiving.

Raising Visibility and Voices of the Urban Poor Civil Society’s Engagement in urban WASH Raising Visibility and Voices of the Urban Poor Civil Society’s Engagement in urban WASH (113 KB)

WaterAid (2010) This paper shares some notable successes that WaterAid and its partner organisations have achieved in collaborating with service providers and governments to improve inclusive service delivery in Africa and South Asia. The examples show how strategic and operational collaboration between civil society organisations, regulators, policy makers and service providers help to improve pro-poor performance of utilities.

Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights (2522 KB)

Reaching the urban poor: Supporting utilities to engage communities in service extension Reaching the urban poor: Supporting utilities to engage communities in service extension (4589 KB)

Timeyin Uwejamomere , (WaterAid, 2012) from WBI Course on Designing & Implementing Successful Utility Reform in Water & Sanitation Thursday, 26 January, 2012 at Reiz Continental Hotel, Abuja.

Rights of Water Connections for Slum Dwellers in Bangladesh (Case study) Rights of Water Connections for Slum Dwellers in Bangladesh (Case study) (204 KB)

WaterAid Bangladesh (2007) A study on DSK’s experience on three slums of Mirpur, Dhaka.

Sanitation and water for poor urban communities: a manifesto Sanitation and water for poor urban communities: a manifesto (2473 KB)

WaterAid (2011) Water and sanitation services are fundamental to human health and development, nowhere more so than in densely populated urban areas. With no indication that the pace of urbanisation, and subsequently the growth in poor urban areas, will slow, the international community must act collaboratively to ensure these basic human rights are afforded to poor urban communities – and it must act now. Here, WaterAid sets out the examples and objectives for successful delivery of sanitation

School menstrual hygiene management in Malawi: more than toilets School menstrual hygiene management in Malawi: more than toilets (32173 KB)

The ability to manage menstruation at school requires much more than just installing toilets. In this briefing note on the SHARE website, WASH Consultant Sally Piper Pillitteri, answers a call from WaterAid for “evidence from the field”. She provides data on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) for schoolgirls in Malawi, with a view to determining one or several recommendations for improved MHM in schools. This material is also of value to WASH professionals, policy makers, NGOs and education auth

Session 2 webinar overview Session 2 webinar overview (3519 KB)

Session 3 summary (2 pages) Session 3 summary (2 pages) (128 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Session 4 summary (3 pages) Session 4 summary (3 pages) (284 KB)

Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH (Lucina Schmich) Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH (Lucina Schmich) (6311 KB)

Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH 2 (Julia Rosenbaum) Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH 2 (Julia Rosenbaum) (5572 KB)

Session 5: Poorest of the Poor (Louisa Gosling) Session 5: Poorest of the Poor (Louisa Gosling) (150 KB)

Sidestream or Mainstream leaflet Sidestream or Mainstream leaflet (330 KB)

Introducing the gender and water alliance. A brief summary of arguments for gender inclusive WASH.

Stigma and the realization of the human rights to water and sanitation Stigma and the realization of the human rights to water and sanitation (207 KB)

Speech by Catarina de Albuquerque, Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation. Delivered at a public consultation on 1 Feb 2012.

Subsidy or self-respect? Community led total sanitation Subsidy or self-respect? Community led total sanitation (4708 KB)

Authors: Kamal Kar and Katherine Pasteur. Community Led Total Sanitation, or CLTS, is an approach which facilitates a process of empowering local communities to stop open defecation and to build and use latrines without the support of any external hardware subsidy.

Summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS Summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS (131 KB)

A summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS including links to publications looking at work in India, Madagascar, Nepal, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Swimming upstream: Why WASH is so important to mothers and their daughters Swimming upstream: Why WASH is so important to mothers and their daughters (400 KB)

Brief introduction to the significance of WASH to women and girls.

The Greater InvoIvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA) The Greater InvoIvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA) (228 KB)

(2007, UNAIDS) GIPA is a principle that aims to realize the rights and responsibilities of people living with HIV, including their right to self-determination and participation in decision-making processes that affect their lives. In these efforts, GIPA also aims to enhance the quality and effectiveness of the AIDS response.

Towards Inclusive WASH_Publication Towards Inclusive WASH_Publication (7288 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

UNAIDS terminology guidelines UNAIDS terminology guidelines (253 KB)

Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action (8669 KB)

(2003, International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), Ross Kidd, Sue Clay)This toolkit was written by AIDS activists from over 50 NGOs in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia. They participated in workshops where they explored the implications of stigma and designed the exercises on different aspects of stigma.The Toolkit is a resource collection of participatory educational exercises for use in raising awareness and promoting action to challenge HIV stigma. Trainers can select from the exercises t

Understanding gender equality in organisations: A tool for assessment and action Understanding gender equality in organisations: A tool for assessment and action (104 KB)

Understanding pastoralists and their WASH needs Understanding pastoralists and their WASH needs (410 KB)

WaterAid (2011) This policy brief summarises the findings from a literature review and research carried out by WaterAid in the districts of Longido and Hanang Districts in Northern Tanzania. Pastoralists are nomadic people who either move around throughout the year with their families and herds in search for water and pasture, or may be sedentary where they are more or less settled in one defined area. This policy brief recognises the rationale of pastoral livelihood systems, and calls for furt

WASH and HIV/AIDS: WSCC reference note WASH and HIV/AIDS: WSCC reference note (317 KB)

This Note highlights the links between WASH (water supply, sanitation and hygiene) and HIV/AIDS. It also identifies implications for practitioners in both fields and presents brief case studies with suggestions for further reading. (WSCC, 2009)

WASH Considerations in Home-Based care for people living with HIV WASH Considerations in Home-Based care for people living with HIV (394 KB)

(2010 Catholic Relief Services) This guidance document offers water supply and sanitation facility and hygiene promotion design considerations and recommendations intended to increase access to these facilities by people living with HIV. People living with HIV often require modifications to their water supply and sanitation facilities and hygiene practices due to their debilitating illness. This guidance document is intended for Home-Based Care (HBC) practitioners serving people living with this

Water and Sanitation are Human Rights - So What? Water and Sanitation are Human Rights - So What? (5623 KB)

Implications and actions needed to put the rights into practice, Results from the 27th AGUASAN workshop 20th to 24th June 2011, Gwatt, Switzerland

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and other Vulnerable Groups Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and other Vulnerable Groups (175 KB)

Water Supply and Sanitation Access and Use by Physically Disabled People in Cambodia WDEC 2003 Water Supply and Sanitation Access and Use by Physically Disabled People in Cambodia WDEC 2003 (5014 KB)

Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (686 KB)

Authors: Sandy Cairncross and Vivian Valdmanis. Water supply in the context of this chapter includes the supply of water for domestic purposes, excluding provision for irrigation or livestock. Sanitation is used here in the narrow sense of excreta disposal, excluding other environmental health interventions such as solid waste management and surface water drainage.

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

Water: More for some or some for more? Monitoring equity in water and sanitation Water: More for some or some for more? Monitoring equity in water and sanitation (780 KB)

WaterAid and Tanzania Water and Sanitation Network (2008) The document is looking at urban-rural equity, inter-town equity, inter-district equity, inter-ward equity, social equity in decision making and social equity in outcomes.

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Why gender matters in WASH? Why gender matters in WASH? (354 KB)

A brief introduction to basic gender concepts and why gender matters in WASH.

Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (3586 KB)

Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality (253 KB)

Working effectiveley with women and men in water and sanitation programs Working effectiveley with women and men in water and sanitation programs (1946 KB)

Working Paper on Gender in Water and Sanitation Working Paper on Gender in Water and Sanitation (3495 KB)

A Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) Working Paper published in 2010. For use by ministries, donors, citizens, development banks, NGOs and service providers. The paper looks at links between gender and WASH at the policy level, operational level, monitoring and evaluation, citizen engagement, behaviour change and HIV/AIDS. It showcases examples of good practice and provides checklists for practitioners.

World Development Report 2012 (Summary) World Development Report 2012 (Summary) (3636 KB)

The World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) 2012 is on 'Gender Equality and Development.' Central to the conclusions in WDR 2012 is WASH. The report's authors underlines three dangerous phases in a woman's life, girls at birth, birth to five years old and women of reproductive age and stresses the role of WASH at these times. This report has nine chapters in three parts. The full report and a rich set of data is available in all the UN languages at www.worldbank.org/wdr2012

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

No media download found.

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Resource Library for People with Disabilities

To find something specific please use the search function below:

Web Resources

Inclusive WASH and Disability - AskSource

More than 60 papers, manuals, case studies, guidelines and general resources on disability inclusive development and WASH. This key list has been produced in partnership with WaterAid and builds on the Dewpoint study carried out by Ms Hazel Jones of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University. The website is updated periodically and managed by Handicap International. 

Literature Items

Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? Ch 2: Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (2139 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed, from the publication Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups (WEDC, 2005). The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the

Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH Ch 9: Case studies - facilities and equipment for accessible WASH (11725 KB)

Authors: Hazel Jones and Bob Reed (2005) Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, WEDC. The main focus of the book is on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low- and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions may also be applied in institutional settings, such as schools and hospitals and in emergency situations. The remaining chapters can be downloaded from the WEDC Knowledge Base. (To download the pdfs you will need to r

Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution Compendium of Accessible WASH Technologies Low Resolution (5097 KB)

Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue Compendium of Inclusive WASH Technologies Catalogue (7051 KB)

Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity Designing a pit latrine slab - group activity (718 KB)

Try out this fun activity and post your feedback in the discussion forum (link at top of page). This activity is designed to engage people in discussion of technical issues. Does everyone use a toilet in the same way? What about the disabled, children, elderly and pregnant women? What else are latrines used for? From: Reed, B and Coates, S (2007)

Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) Disability and WASH (UNGA Flyer 2013) (125 KB)

Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities Equal Access for All 2: Water and Sanitation for people with motor disabilities (197 KB)

Author: WaterAid Ethiopia, 2006

Global report on WASH and disability Global report on WASH and disability (698 KB)

Author: Jane Wilbur/WaterAid UK, 2011 This report gives an overview of the information relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in the world’s first report on disability. It also highlights how WaterAid is addressing the recommendations in the report, as well as where we could develop our approaches further.

How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste How the WASH sector can consider people with disabilities in Timor-Leste (113 KB)

Author: WaterAid Timor-Leste, 2011

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 1 (2577 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 1 addresses toilets and showers.

How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 How to build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries: Part 2 (2498 KB)

Author: Handicap International, 2008. From Manual 2 Access to water and sanitation facilities. Part 2 looks at open washing areas and water points.

Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development Inclusion Made Easy - A quick program guide to disability in development (5059 KB)

This is a brief, introductory guide to mainstreaming disability into international development programs. It is a starting point to assist development practitioners to recognise and understand the relevant disability related issues in any given program context. Links to more detailed resources are provided throughout this guide.

Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) Session 3: Disability and WASH (Hazel Jones) (8784 KB)

Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) Session 3: Disability and WASH 2 (Clare Hanley) (3318 KB)

Travelling together: including disabled people in development Travelling together: including disabled people in development (5643 KB)

Disabled children and adults are left behind when projects and programmes start their journeys. And that’s despite the fact 80 per cent of them in developing countries live below the poverty line. With the UN estimating around 650 million disabled children and adults worldwide, why do they continue to be excluded? By using this book, you can start a process of transformation within your work – to bring about positive change for disabled people in the communities you work with.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in  Water and Sanitation for Disabled and Other Vulnerable Groups: Report of Conference and Workshop in (202 KB)

Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) Water, sanitation and disability in rural west Africa (The Hilton Report) (3863 KB)

Author: Ray Norman (Messiah College), 2010

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

Briefing notes

Inclusive design of school latrines – how much does it cost and who benefits? (1934 KB)

Why should the water and sanitation sector consider disabled people? (3586 KB)

What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector What the Global Report on Disability means for the WASH Sector (379 KB)

 

 

Upcoming Events and News

Two new films from WaterAid on Inclusive WASH

26-Sep-2013 to 26-Sep-2013

Two New films on Inclusive WASH from WaterAid. WaterAid Nepal has produced a new film (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQYfjUM74A0&feature=youtu.be) focussing on the barriers disabled people face in accessing WASH. It touches upon environmental and institutional barriers and stigma in Nepal. WaterAid Uganda has produced a new film (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJShp0TG8SQ&feature=..

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WA at the first United Nations High Level Meeting on Disability and Development

25-Sep-2013 to 25-Sep-2013

Disability and WASH at the UNGA WaterAid has participated in the first United Nations General Assembly High Level Meeting on Disability and Development. Disability Rights Activist Sagar Prasain attended the event on behalf of WaterAid to highlight the importance of WASH for disabled people. You can download the flyer we created to raise awareness on the issue at this event below...

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New Training Materials from WEDC and WaterAid

17-Apr-2013 to 17-Apr-2013

Overview A set of materials (produced by WEDC and WaterAid) can be used for training a wide range of audiences on making WASH inclusive. The materials consist of 1. Practical and enjoyable activities that stimulate discussions on the issues. 2. Structured presentations with facilitators notes, that explain how to analyse barriers and adapt WASH programmes to make them more inclusive. 3. Practi..

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