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Inclusive WASH

Building skills towards inclusive water, sanitation
and hygiene

Equity and Inclusion in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Resources


A set of materials (produced by WEDC and WaterAid) can be used for training a wide range of audiences on making WASH inclusive. 

The materials consist of 

1. Practical and enjoyable activities that stimulate discussions on the issues. 

2. Structured presentations with facilitators notes, that explain how to analyse barriers and adapt WASH programmes to make them more inclusive. 

3. Practical tools to help you apply the training to your own situation. 

Activity Sheets



How to use these materials

Option 1:

The Activity sheets can be used as standalone activities to build capacity and awareness on Equity and Inclusion.

Option 2:

They can be part of structured training and capacity building using the Equity and inclusion in WASH provision – the social model as a practical tool for analysis and problem solving (pdf) and the Facilitator/presenter's notes.

The content of this powerpoint is organised into three sections. It is recommended that you do not run through this entire training in one sitting. It can be conducted via distance learning methods, or over the course of several days for example as part of a workshop or through action learning sets, or embedded into other training and any other appropriate mechanisms.

At the end of each section, there is a suggestion of a practical activity, to give participants an opportunity to practice what has just been presented, to discuss and ask questions. This activity can be done as a whole group, or in small groups, or individually.

Section 1 presents the theory of the ‘Social model’ of exclusion, using examples related to WASH

Followed by a suggestion of the practical activity and discussion - Applying the social model to WASH

Section 2 introduces ‘Barrier analysis’ – how to use the social model to analyse barriers to access and exclusion

Followed by a suggestion of the practical activity and discussion - Identifying barriers to WASH

Section 3 then introduces ‘Problem solving’ a structured way of identifying solutions to address these barriers.

Followed by a suggestion of the practical activity and discussion - Identifying solutions to WASH

Option 3:

There is no right way to conduct this training or use these materials. Please use your initiative and experience to adapt and use these resources in your own contexts. Let us know of your experiences, comments and questions by emailing 

Upcoming Events and News

An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste

15-Dec-2016 to 15-Dec-2016

An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste (1651 KB)

This 2016 Exploratory Study on Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste was commissioned by the BESIK program to gain insights to the factors that affect menstruation management among rural women in Timor-Leste. Insights gained from this research will be used to influence the design of sanitation programs.


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