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Inclusive WASH

Building skills towards inclusive water, sanitation
and hygiene

Resource Library for Gender: Women and Girls

To find something specific please use the search function below:

Web Resources

MyWASH - focus on Menstrual Hygiene Management

MyWASH is a social network on WASH and development. The site has a page of resources on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM), including case studies from Bangladesh, India, Kenya, and other countries and links to websites, videos and online forums on MHM.

Menstrual Hygiene Matters

Menstrual hygiene matters is an essential resource for improving menstrual hygiene for women and girls in lower and middle-income countries. Nine modules and toolkits cover key aspects of menstrual hygiene in different settings, including communities, schools and emergencies. This resource was developed by WaterAid, SHARE and a number of collaborating organisations. 

Women and girls with disabilities

The UN Enable site provides resources and links with a gender perspectives on disability and the disability perspective on the situation of women and girls with disabilities, including an on-line discussion group and network and a link to an interactive panel discussion on Cross-sectionalities of gender, disability, and development. 

Women and girls with disabilities experience double discrimination, which places them at higher risk of gender-based violence, sexual abuse, neglect, maltreatment and exploitation.

Literature Items

For Her It's the Big Issue For Her It's the Big Issue (3029 KB)

The vital role of women in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions is undeniable. But even though women’s involvement in the planning, design, management and implementation of such projects and programmes has proved to be fruitful and cost-effective, the substantial benefits of this approach are not properly recognised. One result is that, all too often, women are not as centrally engaged in water and sanitation efforts as they should be.

Gender analysis frameworks Gender analysis frameworks (215 KB)

Includes references for a number of different gender analysis frameworks that might be useful in your work

Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for women on climate change Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for women on climate change (17026 KB)

This toolkit on Gender and Climate Change is part of an important endeavour by Isis International to explore innovative and strategic ways to communicate gender justice and climate justice issues, especially from Southern feminist perspectives.

Gender and Essential Services in low-income countries Gender and Essential Services in low-income countries (17250 KB)

(Women in Cities International, 2011) Report on the findings of the action research project Women’s Rights and Access to Water and Sanitation in Asian Cities. Carried out in Delhi, India from 1 February 2009 to 31 July 2011.

Gender, Culture and the Pacific Gender, Culture and the Pacific (562 KB)

Yvonne Underhill-Sem (2011) Asia- Pacific Human Development Report Background Paper Series. This paper provides a deeper understanding of how culture in the Pacific impacts gender equality and human development. The analysis addresses two views that are widely held in the Pacific: 1) that gender is biologically determined, and 2) that culture is a sacred template should not be meddled with. Both these notions have attracted sound scholarly consideration in the Pacific, which has shown that rath

Menstrual hygiene in South Asia Menstrual hygiene in South Asia (423 KB)

Authors: Thérèse Mahon and Maria Fernandes. In order for women and girls to live healthy, productive and dignified lives, it is essential that they are able to manage menstrual bleeding effectively. This requires access to appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene services.

Menstrual Hygiene Management Menstrual Hygiene Management (397 KB)

Carrard, N (2011) A snapshot of lessons from learning events on menstrual hygiene management (part of AusAID's Learning Fund). During the learning events, participants talked about their efforts to break the silence, working with women and girls to ensure menstrual hygiene management needs are addressed through WASH programs.

MetGuide – Methodology for Participatory Assessments with Communities, Institutions and Policy Maker MetGuide – Methodology for Participatory Assessments with Communities, Institutions and Policy Maker (934 KB)

A guide prepared by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre that offers practical tools for bringing gender and poverty-sensitive participation into WASH programs. The MetGuide is useful for communities, project staff, project managers, program designers, donors, researchers and policy makers.

Principles for working effectively with women and men - a short handout Principles for working effectively with women and men - a short handout (160 KB)

School menstrual hygiene management in Malawi: more than toilets School menstrual hygiene management in Malawi: more than toilets (32173 KB)

The ability to manage menstruation at school requires much more than just installing toilets. In this briefing note on the SHARE website, WASH Consultant Sally Piper Pillitteri, answers a call from WaterAid for “evidence from the field”. She provides data on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) for schoolgirls in Malawi, with a view to determining one or several recommendations for improved MHM in schools. This material is also of value to WASH professionals, policy makers, NGOs and education auth

Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality (253 KB)

Working Paper on Gender in Water and Sanitation Working Paper on Gender in Water and Sanitation (3495 KB)

A Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) Working Paper published in 2010. For use by ministries, donors, citizens, development banks, NGOs and service providers. The paper looks at links between gender and WASH at the policy level, operational level, monitoring and evaluation, citizen engagement, behaviour change and HIV/AIDS. It showcases examples of good practice and provides checklists for practitioners.

World Development Report 2012 (Summary) World Development Report 2012 (Summary) (3636 KB)

The World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) 2012 is on 'Gender Equality and Development.' Central to the conclusions in WDR 2012 is WASH. The report's authors underlines three dangerous phases in a woman's life, girls at birth, birth to five years old and women of reproductive age and stresses the role of WASH at these times. This report has nine chapters in three parts. The full report and a rich set of data is available in all the UN languages at


Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality Women and WASH: WASH for women's rights and gender equality (253 KB)

This briefing note was written with WSSCC for the Women Deliver conference in 2013. It details how WASH can help women's rights be realised and bring about gender equality. 

Upcoming Events and News

Two new films from WaterAid on Inclusive WASH

26-Sep-2013 to 26-Sep-2013

Two New films on Inclusive WASH from WaterAid. WaterAid Nepal has produced a new film ( focussing on the barriers disabled people face in accessing WASH. It touches upon environmental and institutional barriers and stigma in Nepal. WaterAid Uganda has produced a new film (


WA at the first United Nations High Level Meeting on Disability and Development

25-Sep-2013 to 25-Sep-2013

Disability and WASH at the UNGA WaterAid has participated in the first United Nations General Assembly High Level Meeting on Disability and Development. Disability Rights Activist Sagar Prasain attended the event on behalf of WaterAid to highlight the importance of WASH for disabled people. You can download the flyer we created to raise awareness on the issue at this event below...


New Training Materials from WEDC and WaterAid

17-Apr-2013 to 17-Apr-2013

Overview A set of materials (produced by WEDC and WaterAid) can be used for training a wide range of audiences on making WASH inclusive. The materials consist of 1. Practical and enjoyable activities that stimulate discussions on the issues. 2. Structured presentations with facilitators notes, that explain how to analyse barriers and adapt WASH programmes to make them more inclusive. 3. Practi..


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