Sign Up

Inclusive WASH

Building skills towards inclusive water, sanitation
and hygiene

Resource Library for HIV and AIDS and Chronic Illness

To find something specific please use the search function below:

Web Resources

WASH-HIV Integration Toolkit

A collection of resources from USAID's Hygiene Improvement Project (HIP) and others to support the integration of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in HIV and AIDS programming. Site hosted by the International Water and Sanitation Centre.

Sanitation, Water, Hygiene and HIV/AIDS

Concept papers, training materials and case studies on the links between sanitation, hygiene, water and HIV/AIDS. Links to the International Water and Sanitation Centre's (IRC) WASH library.

WaterAid's E+I website

Includes videos of staff from WaterAid country programs and partners talking about their approach to equity and inclusion. Also features links to resources and case studies of WaterAid's E+I work, including WASH for PLWHA. 

Literature Items

Access to WASH for PLWHA: A cross-sectional study in Nepal Access to WASH for PLWHA: A cross-sectional study in Nepal (365 KB)

WaterAid Nepal (2010). The main objective of the study was to increase the understanding of people living with HIV/AIDS' (PLHA) access to WASH and its impact on their daily lives in order to inform the health, HIV/AIDS and WASH sectors of the various issues involved.

Access to water and sanitation for PLWHA: An exploratory study (Tanzania) Access to water and sanitation for PLWHA: An exploratory study (Tanzania) (409 KB)

Kongo, D. & Chonya, C. (2009). WaterAid Tanzania and AMREF Tanzania. This study was prompted by the observation that the water and sanitation needs of people living with HIV/AIDS and the likely consequences of inadequate access to water by their households were not being explicitly identified, and not being integrated into either HIV and AIDS interventions or water and sanitation sector programs. Based on its findings the study makes a number of recommendations for inclusion of HIV/AIDS into WAS

Diarrhoeal Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India Diarrhoeal Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India (75 KB)

Becker, M.L. et al (2007). Diarrhoea Disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 76(4), 718-722.

Equal access for all? Meeting the needs for watsan of PLWHA (Ethiopia) Equal access for all? Meeting the needs for watsan of PLWHA (Ethiopia) (146 KB)

Magrath, P. (2006). WaterAid Ethiopia. This research investigates the water and sanitation needs of people living with HIV/AIDS, their constraints on meeting these needs, and ideas for addressing them through water and sanitation programming by NGOs and government in Ethiopia.

Guidelines on infant feeding and HIV Guidelines on infant feeding and HIV (1615 KB)

WHO (2010). This resource provides principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV, and a summary of evidence to support these. Implementing this means that the additional WASH needs of HIV positive breastfeeding mothers needs to be recognised and accounted for in WASH programs and services, to ensure communities can follow guidelines to reducing postnatal transmission of HIV through breastfeeding.

Health and Safety Guidelines for Brothels Health and Safety Guidelines for Brothels (499 KB)

WorkCover NSW (2001). These guidelines provide brothel proprietors with minimum standards for maintenance of a safe and healthy environment for sex workers, other employees, clients and visitors, and details of legislative requirements as set out in the Public Health Act 1991.

HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action (507 KB)

Parker, R., Aggleton, P., Attawell, K., Pulerwitz, J. and Brown, L. (2002) The purpose of this paper is to propose a new conceptual framework to help inform thinking about the processes of stigma and discrimination about the way these processes relate to HIV/AIDS, and about potential interventions to address stigma and discrimination and minimise their impact.

How to integrate WASH into HIV programming How to integrate WASH into HIV programming (1555 KB)

WHO (2010) This document provides guidance to practitioners to facilitate the integrate of WASH into official HIV guidelines and standards and programming under ministries of health and national AIDS commissions.

Integrating Sanitation into the Basic Care Package Integrating Sanitation into the Basic Care Package (6157 KB)

Produced for USAID (2011) The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has developed a preventive care package that summarizes evidence-based interventions for PLHIV and their families in resource-poor settings. The package identifies three key hygiene improvement practices—safe drinking water, washing hands with soap, and safe handling and disposal of feces—and suggests integrating these into all HIV and AIDS programs.

Programming guidance for integrating WASH improvement into HIV/AIDS programs to reduce Diarrhoea mor Programming guidance for integrating WASH improvement into HIV/AIDS programs to reduce Diarrhoea mor (287 KB)

USAID & HIP (2009). The purpose of this paper is to highlight discrete water, sanitation, and hygiene improvement activities that can be incorporated into HIV/AIDS programs in different settings to help mitigate the impact of diarrhea on PLWHA and their families—prolonging and improving the quality of life for PLWHA and protecting family members and caregivers from the debilitating effects of diarrhea on school attendance, livelihood, and caregiving.

Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH (Lucina Schmich) Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH (Lucina Schmich) (6311 KB)

Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH 2 (Julia Rosenbaum) Session 4: HIV, AIDS and WASH 2 (Julia Rosenbaum) (5572 KB)

Summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS Summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS (131 KB)

A summary of WaterAid's work on HIV and AIDS including links to publications looking at work in India, Madagascar, Nepal, Tanzania and Ethiopia

The Greater InvoIvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA) The Greater InvoIvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA) (228 KB)

(2007, UNAIDS) GIPA is a principle that aims to realize the rights and responsibilities of people living with HIV, including their right to self-determination and participation in decision-making processes that affect their lives. In these efforts, GIPA also aims to enhance the quality and effectiveness of the AIDS response.

The importance of water, sanitation and hygiene for lymphatic filariasis and leprosy care and inclus The importance of water, sanitation and hygiene for lymphatic filariasis and leprosy care and inclus (389 KB)

The Leprosy Mission and WaterAid (2015). Briefing Note. This briefing note sought to address the poor uptake of MMDP (morbidity management and disability prevention) coupled with a lack of WASH consideration in MMDP strategy guidelines that represents a significant barrier to improving the quality of life and health of infected individuals. The paper aims to clearly identify the role of WASH for MMDP self-care, the WASH needs required for practising and optimising self-care, and the potential ba

The importance of water, sanitation and hygiene for lymphatic filariasis and leprosy care and inclus The importance of water, sanitation and hygiene for lymphatic filariasis and leprosy care and inclus (490 KB)

Garsed, C. & Waite, R. (2015). The Leprosy Mission England & Wales; WaterAid UK. Lymphatic filariasis and leprosy are neglected tropical diseases that represent a significant global burden of disease morbidity. What’s more they are most prevalent in poor , rural and marginalised populations, and are becoming strongly associated with poverty and disadvantage. There are currently opportunities for the (WASH) and neglected tropical diseases (NTD) sectors to focus on integrated and holistic approach

Tools Together Now! 100 participatory tools to mobilise communities for HIV/AIDS Tools Together Now! 100 participatory tools to mobilise communities for HIV/AIDS (3872 KB)

International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2006).This resource consists of 100 practical tools developed for use by practitioners and community groups to mobilise and work together to address HIV/AIDS in a way that is highly inclusive, and therefore accurately addresses the needs of all in the community. The resource is adaptable, and can be used more broadly in the development sector in the development and evaluation process of policy and programs alike, to ensure their inclusivity.

UNAIDS terminology guidelines UNAIDS terminology guidelines (422 KB)

UNAIDS (2015). Revised version of the 2011 document.

Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action (8669 KB)

Kidd, R. & Clay, S. (2003). ICRW. This Toolkit is a resource collection of participatory educational exercises for use in raising awareness and promoting action to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. Trainers can select from the exercises to plan their own courses for different target groups, including AIDS professionals and community groups. There is a revised edition that is available for download by module at http://www.icrw.org/publications/understanding-and-challenging-hiv-stigma-to

Undoing inequality: water, sanitation and hygiene programmes that deliver for all in Uganda and Zamb Undoing inequality: water, sanitation and hygiene programmes that deliver for all in Uganda and Zamb (407 KB)

Wilbur, J. & Danquah, L. (2015). 38TH WEDC International Conference, Loughborough University, UK. This research aims to understand and address the barriers that disabled, older and chronically ill people face when accessing WASH in Zambia and Uganda.

Using behaviour change theories to enhance hand hygiene behaviour Using behaviour change theories to enhance hand hygiene behaviour (48 KB)

Tunnel, E. & White, G. (2005). This brief paper on behaviour change theories and hand hygiene behaviour can be used to inform and improve hand washing practice of practitioners, as well as within hygiene programs, to reduce transmission of pathogens and infections.

WASH and HIV factsheet WASH and HIV factsheet (296 KB)

WaterAid and CAFOD (2013). This factsheet explains the connection between WASH and HIV and AIDS, and provides recommendations on how HIV interventions can integrate WASH into their programming.

WASH and HIV/AIDS: WSSCC reference note WASH and HIV/AIDS: WSSCC reference note (317 KB)

WSSCC (2009). This Note highlights the links between WASH (water supply, sanitation and hygiene) and HIV/AIDS. It also identifies implications for practitioners in both fields and presents brief case studies with suggestions for further reading.

WASH Considerations in Home-Based care for people living with HIV WASH Considerations in Home-Based care for people living with HIV (394 KB)

Seremet, C. (2010). Catholic Relief Services. This technical guidance document is intended for Home-Based Care (HBC) practitioners caring for people living with HIV, and who therefore have additional WASH needs. The technical document offers water supply and sanitation facility and hygiene promotion design considerations, and recommendations intended to increase access to these facilities by people living with HIV.

Water and Sanitation for People Living with HIV and AIDS: Exploring the Challenges Water and Sanitation for People Living with HIV and AIDS: Exploring the Challenges (213 KB)

WaterAid and AMREF Tanzania (2009). This report presents the findings from a study in Tanzania on the WASH needs and recommendations to increase access to essential WASH needs among people living with HIV in Tanzania.

Water, sanitation and hygiene and HIV and AIDS: Opportunities for integration Water, sanitation and hygiene and HIV and AIDS: Opportunities for integration (539 KB)

WaterAid. This short resource outlines some of the specific WASH needs of people living with HIV/AIDS, and some of the issues they can experience in accessing these. It also provides further references that demonstrate how WASH and HIV/AIDS programs can be coordinated to positively impact on both.


This Briefing Note was written for the International Aids Conference (2012) and aims to highlight the importance of linking WASH and HIV to improve the lives of people living with HIV. 




Upcoming Events and News

eDiscussion: CSOs and market-based sanitation approaches

05-Jul-2016 to 05-Jul-2016

A great e-disucssion presented by the Civil Society (CS) WASH Fund and led by Professor Juliet Willets throughout April/May 2016. The thread discusses how Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) are working to effectively support sanitation, products and services, while concurrently ensuring pro-poor targeting and affordability. The e-discussion presents a comprehensive range of practice and experi..


Proudly Partnered by:

  • Australian Aid
  • WaterAid

Australian Partners:

  • IWDA
  • Institute for Sustainable Futures
  • CBM
  • Burnet

International Partners:

  • WEDC
  • Wash plus
  • fhi 360

eNews Registration

* Required Fields








Field officer
Donor
Non-WASH sector
Research
Other

eNews recipients will receive updates on the addition of new learning tools to the website
Yes, please subscribe me to eNews updates.