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Inclusive WASH

Building skills towards inclusive water, sanitation
and hygiene

Session 1

Inclusive WASH Introduction

30 October - 4 November 2011

Session Overview

Download presenters' webinar slides: 

Inclusive WASH Session 1: Introduction (PPT) (6,199KB)

This session introduces the concepts of inclusion and equity in the WASH sector and gives participants a step by step introduction to using the website’s interactive features. Participants are shown how to use simple tools that relate equity outcomes to all of their WASH work.

The full webinar can be viewed below. To view a full screen version (higher resolution, so that you can read the chat alongside the slides) please click on the 'View Webinar' button above or follow this link:

Full Screen Recording of Webinar.

Key documents and resources:

Here you can find the key documents releveant to this session. Please take the time to read through them and any questions you may have, please feel free to ask the presenters in our forum here.

Main resource kit:

(Please read and review before joining the webinar. Any questions? Head to our forum)


Inclusive WASH barrier and solution tools Inclusive WASH barrier and solution tools (253 KB)

We will be using two tools to analyse the barriers preventing people from accessing WASH. This framework is based on the social model which is well known in the disability sector. The social model of disability recognises that disabled people are an integral part of society. Rather than concentrating on the impairment, it recognises that barriers to full participation are three fold: environmental, social/attitudinal and institutional. We can use the social model to identify barriers that exclud

Inclusive WASH introductory notes Inclusive WASH introductory notes (563 KB)

These notes give you some background on the framework being used and some case studies that may help you understand the complex issues of inclusive WASH.


Factors causing marginalisation

When we are talking about different groups of people such as women, people with disabilities and people with chronic illnesses an individual does not fit neatly under anyone label. Any individual may face discrimination for a number of reasons such as their age, sex, disability and so on.

Listen to the audio file below and consider the diagram to get you thinking about all the layers of discrimination a person may face. I’m sure you can think of many more, why not add some to the discussion page?

By identifying and tackling the root causes of exclusion we will be better able to break down those barriers!

Layers of discrimination Layers of discrimination (1187 KB)

Rosie Wheen from WaterAid Australia discusses the different layers of discrimination that occur. What barriers can you think of?

Factors causing marginalisation Factors causing marginalisation (183 KB)

This diagram shows how some groups are pushed towards the margins of society and they are more likely to be excluded from WASH. This is also affected by external factors – such as politics and culture. What other causes of marginalisation would you add?



   Image: A panel of speakers in front of 'A wall of barriers'


Other resources:


Louisa Gosling, from WaterAid discusses equity and inclusion in sanitation with Ravi Narayan. This video on recorded at the WSSCC Global Forum on Sanitation and Hygiene, Mumbai, October 2011


Other resources:

Layers of discrimination Layers of discrimination (1187 KB)

Rosie Wheen from WaterAid Australia discusses the different layers of discrimination that occur. What barriers can you think of?

Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea (482 KB)

Curtis, V. & Cairncross, S. (2003). The Lancet. The study set out to determine the impact of washing hands with soap on the risk of diarrhoeal diseases in the community with a systematic review with random effects metaanalysis.

Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations (382 KB)

Bertram, J. & Cairncross, S. (2010). PLoS Medicine. This is the introductory article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation. Globally, around 2.4 million deaths (4.2% of all deaths) could be prevented annually if everyone practised appropriate hygiene and had good, reliable sanitation and drinking water.

Subsidy or self-respect? Community led total sanitation Subsidy or self-respect? Community led total sanitation (4708 KB)

Kar, K. & Pasteur, K. (2005). Institute of Development Studies England. Community Led Total Sanitation, or CLTS, is an approach which facilitates a process of empowering local communities to stop open defecation and to build and use latrines without the support of any external hardware subsidy.

Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (686 KB)

Cairncross, S. & Valdmanis, V. (2006). In Jamison, DT., Measham, AR., et al. (Eds.), Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (2nd ed., ch. 41). Washington (DC): World Bank. Water supply in the context of this chapter includes the supply of water for domestic purposes, excluding provision for irrigation or livestock. Sanitation is used here in the narrow sense of excreta disposal, excluding other environmental health interventions such as solid waste management and surface water draina

Session Facilitators

Rosie Wheen
WaterAid Australia

Rosie Wheen is the equity and inclusion focus person for WaterAid in Australia and Head of International Programs Management

Peter Dwan
WaterAid Australia

Peter Dwan is WaterAid in Australia’s Head of New Country Programs and Program Effectiveness. Peter also sits as a Chair of the WASH Reference Group – the sector’s community of practice and advocacy working group in Australia

This session is proudly brought to you by:

Upcoming Events and News

An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste

15-Dec-2016 to 15-Dec-2016

An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste (1651 KB)

This 2016 Exploratory Study on Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste was commissioned by the BESIK program to gain insights to the factors that affect menstruation management among rural women in Timor-Leste. Insights gained from this research will be used to influence the design of sanitation programs.


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