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Inclusive WASH

Building skills towards inclusive water, sanitation
and hygiene

Inclusive WASH in Cambodia

This page offers a platform to share practical resources on inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene approaches in Cambodia. It aims to share learning and to promote best practice in turning policy into practice.

Cambodia has one of the lowest rates of access to improved water and sanitation in the Southeast Asia region. The 2015 WHO/UNICEF Joint Mentoring program report’s access to improved water is 100% in urban areas and 69% in rural areas. Sanitation coverage is 88% for urban areas and just 30% in rural areas. While Cambodia has made significant improvements in water and sanitation access in recent years, inequity in water and sanitation access remains a challenge. Barriers and exclusion from WASH services, affect people living in rural or flood-prone areas, people in informal settlements and older people and those with disabilities may experience barriers in access even if improved services reach their community.

If Cambodia is to achieve universal access to equitable and sustainable water, sanitation and hygiene by 2025, the target set by the Royal Government of Cambodia, it is critical that all WASH efforts reach and include those who are most marginalised so no one is left behind. The process of doing inclusive WASH can empower Cambodians who experience discrimination, exclusion and poverty, creates more opportunity to have their voices heard and their essential human rights fulfilled.

Video Resources

The series of Count me In videos were developed to be a creative and engaging approach to raising awareness of inclusive WASH in Cambodia. Both videos were created in collaboration with Epic Arts, an organisation that brings awareness to inclusion issues through the use of performing arts. To find out more about the videos' click here.

Cambodia Count Me In: how to...

The series of four instructional films were developed by Epic Arts in collaboration with an award-winning film maker. Each animated film highlights a key inclusive WASH message or tool.

A group of performers from Epic Arts have been using their talent to portray the difficulties people with disability face in accessing WASH to audiences around Cambodia. The performance has been toured throughout 2016 and has been a highly effective way of communicating these issues. Below is a series of short film evaluating the initiative.


Accessibility and Safety Audit tools Accessibility and Safety Audit tools (1267 KB)

This tool is a step by step guide to conducting an accessibility and safety audit. The tools seek to identify and carry out simple changes to WASH facilities and their surroundings that increase their useability for a wide range of users; avoiding the need for separate ‘special’ provision for those who may experience barriers to accessibility. The document also details the experineces of Disability Development Services Program (DDSP), a local organisation located in Pursat using this tool.

Accessibility and Safety Audit tools (Khmer copy) Accessibility and Safety Audit tools (Khmer copy) (1299 KB)

Accessible WASH in Cambodia Accessible WASH in Cambodia (1158 KB)

This updated version of the 2006 document by WaterAid and Red Cross Australia reports on work done and progress made towards increasing inclusivity of WASH for people living with disabilities, and what remains to be done. It identifies the types of approaches used, their strengths and limitations, and presents recommendations, priorities and directions for future.

Annex Tools –Household Assessment Tool Annex Tools –Household Assessment Tool (3587 KB)

Questionnaire for Interview (DDSP)

Annex Tools –Household Assessment Tool (Khmer copy) Annex Tools –Household Assessment Tool (Khmer copy) (586 KB)

Barrier Analysis tools Barrier Analysis tools (470 KB)

This explanatory resource describes and supports the implementation of a barrier analysis - a six stage participatory methodology to investigating the barriers poeple with disability face when accessing WASH facilities, and developing solutions to overcome these. The resource identifies key challenges and tips for effective implementation, and urges the effective documentation and dissemination of inclusive WASH findings to strengthen disability inclusion within Cambodia's WASH sector.

Barrier Analysis tools (Khmer copy) Barrier Analysis tools (Khmer copy) (461 KB)

Case study: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities (PWD) for Inclusive WASH Programs Case study: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities (PWD) for Inclusive WASH Programs (3587 KB)

In August 2015, WaterAid supported the Disability Development Service Program (DDSP), a local NGO based in Pursat, to improve the quality of lives of persons with disabilities through inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities. WaterAid provided both technical and financial support to DDSP who conducted household assessments to identify persons with disabilities. The assessment tool was developed by DDSP and WaterAid. Local authorities (village chiefs and commune councils), per

Case study: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities (PWD) for Inclusive WASH Programs(Khmer copy) Case study: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities (PWD) for Inclusive WASH Programs(Khmer copy) (1259 KB)

Photo Story: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities for Inclusive WASH Programs Photo Story: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities for Inclusive WASH Programs (2037 KB)

There were several steps to take in order to identify persons with disabilities to be involved in the DDSP project.

Photo Story: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities for Inclusive WASH Programs (Khmer copy) Photo Story: How to Identify Persons with Disabilities for Inclusive WASH Programs (Khmer copy) (418 KB)

Process of Developing National Guidelines Process of Developing National Guidelines (14540 KB)

This document describes the key steps and learning from developing Inclusive WASH Guidelines in Cambodia over the past two years. It is intended for NGOs and government at local, regional and international level wanting to understand more about how to generate guidelines, and to lead action learning on inclusive WASH.

Short Narrative – Making a Difference, Making CRSHIP Inclusive Short Narrative – Making a Difference, Making CRSHIP Inclusive (527 KB)

Making sanitation inclusive is part of the goal of the Cambodia Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Programme (CRSHIP). And, to make CRSHIP2 implementation partners’ (IPs) more aware of inclusive practices, a two-and-a-half-day training was conducted.

Summary report of Accessible WASH in Cambodia Summary report of Accessible WASH in Cambodia (1919 KB)

As an overview of the Accessible WASH in Cambodia document, this resource summarises the current status of Disability and Inclusive WASH in Cambodia, and key findings including the identification of gaps and recommendations for the future. The summary emphasises the need to improve cross sectorial communication and strengthen partnerships at all levels within the sector, as well as improve documentation, dissemination and accessibility of explanatory examples of good practice.

Upcoming Events and News

An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste

15-Dec-2016 to 15-Dec-2016

An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste An Exploratory Study of Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste (1651 KB)

This 2016 Exploratory Study on Menstruation Management in Timor-Leste was commissioned by the BESIK program to gain insights to the factors that affect menstruation management among rural women in Timor-Leste. Insights gained from this research will be used to influence the design of sanitation programs.


Proudly Partnered by:

  • Australian Aid
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  • CBM
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